Honolulu /ˌhoʊnoʊˈluːluː/; Hawaiian: hono'lulu is the state capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Hawaii. Known worldwide as a major tourist destination, Honolulu is the main gateway to Hawaii and a major gateway into the United States of America. It is also a major hub for international business, military defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine, and traditions. Honolulu is the southernmost major U.S. city. Although the name \Honolulu\ refers to the urban area on the southeastern shore of the island of Oahu, the city and county are consolidated as Honolulu County which covers the entire island. For statistical purposes, the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the \City of Honolulu\ as a census county division (CCD). Honolulu is a major financial center of the islands of the Pacific Ocean. The population of the City of Honolulu was 390,738 at the 2010 census, while the population of the consolidated city and county was 953,207. Honolulu is the most populous state capital relative to state population. In the Hawaiian language, Honolulu means \sheltered bay\ or \place of shelter\. The old name is said to be Kou, a district roughly encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district. The city has been the capital of the Hawaiian islands since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor near the city on December 7, 1941.